Accessibility - The iPad Basics - iPad: The Missing Manual (2014)

iPad: The Missing Manual (2014)

Part 1. The iPad Basics

Chapter 6. Accessibility

If you were told that the iPad was an easy tablet for a disabled person to use, you might spew your coffee. The thing has almost no physical keys! How would a blind person use it? Lots of features require swiping across the screen or holding something down. How would someone with motor-control challenges work it?

But it’s true. Apple has gone to incredible lengths to make the iPad usable for people with vision, hearing, or other physical impairments. As a handy side effect, these features also can be fantastically useful to people whose only impairment is being under 10 or over 40.

If you’re blind, you can actually turn the screen off and operate everything—do your email, surf the Web, adjust settings, run apps—by letting the iPad speak what you’re touching. It’s pretty amazing (and it doubles the battery life).

You can also magnify the screen, reverse black for white (for better-contrast reading), and convert stereo music to mono (great if you’re deaf in one ear).

Some of these features are useful even if you’re not disabled—in particular, the LED flash and zooming. The kiosk mode is great for kids; it prevents them from exiting whatever app they’re using. And if you have aging eyes, you might find the Large Text option especially handy.

Here’s a rundown of the accessibility features in iOS 8. To turn on any of the features described here, open SettingsGeneralAccessibility. (And don’t forget about Siri, described in Chapter 3. She may be the best friend a blind person’s iPad ever had.)


You can turn many of the iPad’s accessibility features on and off with a triple-click on the Home button. See Home-Click Speed for details.


VoiceOver is a screen reader—software that makes the iPad speak everything you touch. It’s a fairly important feature if you’re blind.

On the VoiceOver settings pane, tap the on/off switch to turn VoiceOver on. Because VoiceOver radically changes the way you control your iPad, you must dismiss a warning to confirm that you know what you’re doing. Immediately, you hear a female voice begin reading the names of the controls she sees on the screen.

You can adjust the Speaking Rate of the synthesized voice.

Now you’re ready to start using the iPad in VoiceOver mode. There’s a lot to learn, and practice makes perfect, but here’s the overview:

§ Touch something to hear it. Tap icons, words, even status icons at the top; as you go, the voice tells you what you’re tapping. “Messages.” “Calendar.” “Mail—14 new items.” “45 percent battery power.” You can tap the dots on the Home screen, and you’ll hear “Page 3 of 9.”

Once you’ve tapped a screen element, you can also flick your finger left or right—anywhere on the screen—to “walk” through everything on the screen, left to right, top to bottom.


A thin black rectangle appears around whatever the voice is identifying. That’s for the benefit of sighted people who might be helping you.

§ Double-tap something to “tap” it. Ordinarily, you tap something on the screen to open it. But since single-tapping now means “speak this,” you need a new way to open everything. So: To open something you’ve just heard identified, double-tap anywhere on the screen. (You don’t have to wait for the voice to finish talking.)


Or do a split tap. Tap something to hear what it is—and with that finger still down, tap somewhere else with a different finger to open it.

There are all kinds of other special gestures in VoiceOver. Make the voice stop speaking with a two-finger tap; read everything, in sequence, from the top of the screen with a two-finger upward flick; scroll one page at a time with a three-finger flick up or down; go to the next or previous screen (Home, Stocks, and so on) with a three-finger flick left or right; and more.

Or try turning on Screen Curtain with a three-finger triple-tap; it blacks out the screen, giving you total privacy as well as a heck of a battery boost. (Repeat to turn the screen back on.)

On the VoiceOver settings screen, you’ll find an expanded wealth of options for using the iPad sightlessly. For example:

§ Speak Hints makes the iPad give you additional suggestions for operating something you’ve tapped. For example, instead of just saying, “Safari,” it says, “Safari. Double-tap to open.”

§ Use Pitch Change makes the iPad talk in a higher voice when you’re entering letters and a lower voice when you’re deleting them. It also uses a higher pitch when speaking the first item of a list and a lower one when speaking the last item. In both cases, this option is a great way to help you understand where you are in a list.

§ Use Sound Effects helps you navigate by adding little clicks and chirps as you scroll, tap, and so on.

§ Speech is where you choose a voice for VoiceOver’s speaking. If you have a recent iPad model (with at least 900 megabytes of free space), you can now install Alex, the very realistic male voice that’s been happily chatting away on the Mac for years.

§ Braille. The iPad can accept input from a Bluetooth Braille keyboard—but that’s not new. In iOS 8, you can type in Braille, too.

Braille, of course, is the system that represents letters as combinations of dots on a six- or eight-cell grid. Blind people can read Braille by touching embossed paper with their fingers. But thanks to iOS 8, they can type in Braille, too. For many, that may be faster than trying to type on the onscreen keyboard and more accurate than dictation.

On this Settings screen, you specify, among other things, whether you want to use the six- or eight-dot system.

When you’re ready to type, you use the Rotor (shown on the next page) to choose Braille Screen Input, which is usually the last item on the list. If the iPad is flat on a table (“desktop mode”), then the six “keys” for typing Braille are arrayed in a loose, flattened V pattern.

If you’re holding the iPad, you grip it with your pinkies and thumbs, with the screen facing away from you (“Screen away” mode).

§ The Rotor is a brilliant solution to a thorny problem. If you’re blind, how are you supposed to control how VoiceOver reads to you? Do you have to keep burrowing into Settings to change the volume, speaking speed, punctuation verbosity, and so on?

Not anymore. The Rotor is an imaginary dial. It appears when you twist two fingers on the screen as if you were turning an actual dial.

And what are the options on this dial? That’s up to you. Tap Rotor to get a list of options: Characters, Words, Speech Rate, Volume, Punctuation, Zoom, and so on.

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Once you’ve dialed up a setting, you can get VoiceOver to move from one item to another by flicking a finger up or down. For example, if you’ve chosen Volume from the Rotor, you make the playback volume louder or quieter with each flick up or down. If you’ve chosen Zoom, then each flick adjusts the screen magnification.

The Rotor is especially important if you’re using the Web. It lets you jump among Web page elements like pictures, headings, links, text boxes, and so on. Use the Rotor to choose, for example, images—then you can flick up and down from one picture to the next on that page.

§ Typing Style. iOS 8 offers new options when you’re trying to type. In Standard Typing, you drag your finger around the screen until VoiceOver speaks the key you want—and then simultaneously tap anywhere with a second finger to type the letter.

In Touch Typing, you can slide your finger around the keyboard until you hear the key you want; lift your finger to type that letter.

Now there’s Direct Touch Typing, which is a faster method intended for people who are more confident about typing. If you tap a letter, you type it instantly. If you hold the key down, VoiceOver speaks its name but doesn’t type it, just to make sure you know where you are.

§ Phonetic Feedback refers to what VoiceOver says as you type or touch each keyboard letter. Character means that it says the letter’s name. Phonetics refers to the pilot’s alphabet: “Alpha,” “Bravo,” “Charlie,” and so on.

§ Typing Feedback governs how the iPad helps you figure out what you’re typing. It can speak the individual letters you’re striking, the words you’ve completed, or both.

§ Always Speak Notifications makes the iPad announce, with a spoken voice, when an alert or update message has appeared. (If you turn this off, then VoiceOver announces only incoming text messages.)

§ Navigate Images. As VoiceOver reads to you what’s on a Web page, how do you want it to handle pictures? It can say nothing about them (Never), it can read their names (Always), or it can read their names and whatever hidden Descriptions savvy Web designers have attached to themfor the benefit of blind visitors.

§ Large Cursor. This option fattens up the borders of the VoiceOver “cursor” (the box around whatever is highlighted) so you can see it better.

VoiceOver and Braille input take practice and involve learning a lot of new techniques. If you need these features to use your iPad, then visit the more complete guide at

Or spend a few minutes (or weeks) at, a site dedicated to helping the blind use Apple gear.


VoiceOver is especially great at reading your iBooks out loud. Details are on Books That Read to You.


Compared with a computer, an iPad’s screen is fairly small. Every now and then, you might need a little help reading small text or inspecting those tiny graphics.

The Zoom command, delightfully overhauled in iOS 8, is just the ticket; it lets you magnify the screen whenever it’s convenient, up to 500 percent.

Of course, at that point, the screen image is too big to fit the physical glass of the iPad, so you need a way to scroll around on your virtual jumbo screen. That’s where iOS 8’s clever new features come in.

To begin, turn on the master Zoom switch in SettingsGeneralAccessibility. Nothing visible has happened yet.

Now look at the Zoom Region control. If it’s set to Window Zoom, then zooming will produce a movable rectangular magnifying lens (below). If it’s set to Full Screen Zoom, then zooming magnifies the entire screen. (And that, as many Apple Genius Bar employees can tell you, freaks out a lot of people who don’t know what’s happened.)

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All right; you’re ready to zoom. Next time you need to magnify things, do this:

§ Start zooming by double-tapping the screen with three fingers. You’ve either opened up the magnifying lens or magnified the entire screen. The magnification is 200 percent of original size. (Another method: Triple-press the Home button, and then tap Zoom.)


You can move the rectangular lens around the screen by dragging the white oval handle on its lower edge.

§ Pan around inside the lens (or pan the entire virtual giant screen) by dragging with three fingers.

§ Zoom in more or less by double-tap/dragging with three fingers. It’s like double-tapping, except that you leave your fingers down on the second tap—and drag them upward to zoom in more (up to 500 percent) or down to zoom out again.

Once again, you can lift two of your three fingers after the dragging has begun. That way it’s easier to see what you’re doing.


There’s also a Resize Lens command in the Zoom menu, described next.

§ Open the Zoom menu by tapping the white handle on the magnifying lens. Up pops a black menu of choices like Zoom Out (puts away the lens and stops zooming), Full Screen Zoom (magnifies the entire screen, hides the lens), Resize Lens (adds handles so you can change the lens’s shape), Choose Filter (lets you make the area inside the lens grayscale or inverted colors, to help people with poor vision), and Show Controller (the joystick described below). There’s also a slider that controls the degree of magnification, which is pretty handy.

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That’s the big-picture description of Zoom. But back in SettingsGeneralAccessibilityZoom, a few more new controls await:

§ Follow Focus. When this option is turned on, the image inside the magnifying lens scrolls automatically when you’re entering text. Your point of typing is always centered.

§ Zoom Keyboard. Do you want the onscreen keyboard to be magnified, too? Most of the time, probably not.

§ Show Controller. The controller is this weird little onscreen joystick:

You can drag it with your finger to move the magnifying lens, or the entire magnified screen, in any direction. (It grows when you’re touching it; the farther your finger moves from the center, the faster the scrolling.) It’s an alternative to having to drag the magnified screen with three fingers, which isn’t precise and also blocks your view.


You can tap the center dot of the Controller to open the Zoom menu described above. Or double-tap the center dot to stop or start zooming.

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§ Maximum Zoom Level. This slider controls just how magnified that lens, or screen, can get.


When VoiceOver is turned on, three-finger tapping has its own meaning—“jump to top of screen.” Originally, therefore, you couldn’t use Zoom while VoiceOver was on.

You can these days, but you have to add an extra finger or tap for VoiceOver gestures. For example, ordinarily, double-tapping with three fingers makes VoiceOver stop talking, but since that’s the “zoom in” gesture, you must now triple-tap with three fingers to mute VoiceOver.

And what about VoiceOver’s existing triple/three gesture, which turns the screen off? If Zoom is turned on, you must now triple-tap with four fingers to turn the screen off.

Invert Colors and Grayscale

By reversing the screen’s colors black for white, like a film negative, you create a higher-contrast effect that some people find is easier on the eyes (facing page, left). To try it out, go to SettingsGeneralAccessibility and turn on Invert Colors. The other colors reverse, too—red for green and so on.

The Grayscale option, new in iOS 8, removes all color from the screen. Everything looks like a black-and-white photo. Once again, it’s designed to help people with poor vision.

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Your iPad can read to you aloud: an email message, a Web page, a text message—anything. Your choices here go like this:

§ Speak Selection puts a Speak command into the button bar that appears whenever you highlight text in any app. Tap that button to make the iPad read the selected text.

§ Speak Screen, new in iOS 8, simply reads everything on the screen, top to bottom, when you swipe down from the top of the screen with two fingers. Great for hearing an ebook page or email read to you.

§ Speak Auto-Text. You know how the iPad suggests a word as you type? This option makes the iPad speak each suggestion. That effect has three benefits. First, of course, it helps blind people know what they’re typing. Second, you don’t have to take your eyes off the keyboard, which is great for speed and concentration. Third, if you’re zoomed in, you may not be able to see the suggested word appear under your typed text—but now you still know what the suggestion is.

How to De-Sparsify iOS 8’s Design

When Apple introduced the sparse, clean design of iOS 7 (which carries over into iOS 8), thousands blogged out in dismay. “It’s too lightweight! The fonts are too spindly! The background is too bright! There aren’t rectangles around buttons—we don’t know what’s a button and what’s not! The Control Center is transparent—we can’t read it! You moved our cheese—we hate this!”

Well, Apple may not agree with you about the super-lightweight design. But at least it has given you the options to “fix” it. You can make the type bigger and bolder, the colors heavier, the background dimmer. You can restore outlines around buttons. And so much more.

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All of these options await in SettingsGeneralAccessibility.

Larger Text

This option is the central control panel for iOS’s Dynamic Type feature. It’s a game-changer if you, a person with several decades of life experience, often find type on the screen too small.

Using the slider, you can choose a larger type size for all text the iPad displays in apps like Mail, iBooks, Messages, and so on. This slider doesn’t affect all the world’s other apps—until their software companies update them to make them Dynamic Type–compatible. That day, when it comes, will be glorious. One slider to scale them all.


The switch at the top, Larger Accessibility Sizes, unlocks an even longer slider. That is, it makes it possible for you to make the text in all the Dynamic Type–compatible apps even larger.

Bold Text

In iOS 8, the system font, Helvetica Neue Light, is fairly light. Its strokes are very thin; in some sizes and lighting conditions, it can even be hard to read.

But if you turn on Bold Text (and then tap Continue in the confirmation box), your iPad restarts—and when it comes to, the fonts everywhere are slightly heavier: at the Home screen, in email, everywhere. And much easier to read with low light or aging eyesight.

It’s one of the most useful features in iOS 8—and something almost nobody knows about.

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Button Shapes

Among the criticisms of the new iOS design: You can’t tell what’s a button anymore! Everything is just words floating on the screen, without border rectangles to tell you what’s tappable!

That’s not quite true; any text in blue type is a tappable button. But never mind that; if you want shapes around your buttons, you shall have them—when you turn on this switch (below, right).

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Increase Contrast

There are three switches in here. Reduce Transparency adds opacity to screens like the Control Center and the Notification Center. Their backgrounds are now solid, rather than slightly see-through, so that text on them is much easier to read. (You can see the before and after here.)

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Darken Colors makes type in some spots a little darker and heavier. You notice it in the fonts for buttons, in the Calendar, and in Safari, for example. Finally, Reduce White Point tones down the whiteness of iOS 8’s screens, making them slightly dimmer and less harsh.

Reduce Motion

What kind of killjoy would want to turn off the subtle “parallax motion” of the Home screen background behind your icons, or the zooming-in animation when you open an app?

In any case, you can if you want, thanks to this button.

On/Off Labels

The Settings app teems with little tappable on/off switches, including this one. When something is turned on, the background of the switch is green; when it’s off, the background is white.

But if you’re having trouble remembering that distinction, turn on this option. Now the background of each switch sprouts visible symbols to help you remember that green means on (you see a | marking) and white means off.

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Hearing Assistance

The next options in SettingsGeneralAccessibility are all dedicated to helping people with hearing loss.

Hearing Aids

This settings panel lets you “pair” your iPad with a “Made for iPad” hearing aid. These wireless hearing aids are designed to sound great and not drain the battery.

Mono Audio

If you’re deaf in one ear, then listening to any music that’s a stereo mix can be frustrating; you might be missing half the orchestration or the vocals. When you turn on the Mono Audio option in SettingsGeneralAccessibility, the iPad mixes everything down so that the left and right channels contain the same monaural playback. Now you can hear the entire mix in one ear.


This is also a great feature when you’re sharing an earbud with a friend, or when one of your earbuds is broken.

Balance Slider

The L/R slider lets you adjust the iPad’s stereo mix, in case one of your ears has better hearing than the other.

Media (Subtitle Options)

These options govern Internet videos that you play in the iPad’s Videos app (primarily those from Apple’s own iTunes store.)

§ Subtitles & Captioning. The iPad’s Videos app lets you tap the button to see a list of available subtitles and captions. Occasionally, a movie also comes with specially written Subtitles for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (SDH). Tap Subtitles & CaptioningClosed Captions+SDH if you want that menu to list them whenever they’re available.

The Style option gives you control over the font, size, and background of those captions, complete with a preview. (Tap the button to view the preview, and the sample caption, at full-screen size.) The Custom option even lets you dream up your own font, size, and color for the type; a new color and opacity of the caption background; and so on.

§ Video Descriptions. This new option is for Internet movies that come, or may someday come, with a narration track that describes the action for the blind.

Guided Access (Kiosk Mode)

It’s amazing how quickly even tiny tots can master the iPad—and how easily they can muck things up with accidental taps.

Guided Access solves that problem rather tidily. It’s kiosk mode. That is, you can lock the tablet into one app; the victim cannot switch out of it. You can even specify which features of that app are permitted. Never again will you find your Home screen icons accidentally rearranged or text messages accidentally deleted.

Guided Access is also great for helping out people with motor-control difficulties—or teenagers with self-control difficulties.

To turn on Guided Access, open SettingsGeneralAccessibilityGuided Access; turn the switch On.

Now a Passcode Settings button appears. Here’s where you protect Guided Access so the little scamp can’t shut it off—at least not without a four-digit password (Set Guided Access Passcode) or your fingerprint (Touch ID, a new option in iOS 8).

You can also set a time limit for your kid’s Guided Access. Tap Time Limit to set up an alarm or a spoken warning when time is running out.

Finally, the moment of truth arrives: Your kid is screaming for your iPad.

Open whatever app you’ll want to lock in place. Press the Home button three times fast. The Guided Access screen appears. At this point, you can proceed in any of three ways:

§ Declare some features off limits. With your finger, draw a circle around each button, slider, and control you want to deactivate. The iPad converts your circle to a tidy rectangle; you can drag its corners to adjust its size, drag inside the rectangle to move it, or tap the to remove it if you change your mind or want to start again.

Once you enter Guided Access mode, the controls you’ve enclosed appear darkened. They no longer respond—and your iPad borrower can’t get into trouble.

§ Change settings. If you tap Hardware Buttons, you get additional controls. You can prevent your little urchin from pressing the Sleep/Wake Button or the Volume Buttons when in Guided Access mode, or from getting a response when rotating or shaking the iPad (Motion) or opening the Keyboards. If you want to hand the iPad to your 3-year-old in the back seat to watch baby videos, you’ll probably want to disable the touchscreen altogether (turn off Touch) and prevent the picture from rotating when the iPad does (turn off Motion).

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Here, too, is the Time Limit Options button, new in iOS 8. Tap to view hours/minutes dials. At the end of this time, it’s no more fun for Junior.

§ Begin kiosk mode. Tap Start.

Later, when you get the iPad back and you want to use it normally, triple-press the Home button again; enter your four-digit password or offer your fingerprint. At this point, you can tap Options to change them, Resume to go back into kiosk mode, or End to return to the iPad as you know it.

Switch Control

Suppose your physical skills are limited to very simple gestures: puffing on an air pipe, pressing a foot switch, blinking an eye, or turning the head, for example. A hardware accessory called a switch lets you operate certain gadgets this way.

When you turn on Switch Control, the iPad warns you that things are about to get very different. Tap OK.

Now the iPad sequentially highlights one object on the screen after another; you’re supposed to puff, tap, or blink at the right moment to say, “Yes, this one.”

If you don’t have a physical switch apparatus, you can use one nature gave you: your head. The iPad’s camera can detect when you turn your head left or right and can trigger various functions accordingly.

If you’d like to try it out, open SettingsGeneralAccessibilitySwitch Control. Tap SwitchesAdd New SwitchCameraLeft Head Movement.

On this screen, you choose what a left head-turn will mean to your iPad. The most obvious option is Select Item, which you could use in conjunction with the sequential highlighting of controls on the screen. But you can also make it mean “Press the Home button,” “Activate Siri,” “Adjust the volume,” and so on.

Once you’ve made your selection, repeat that business for Right Head Movement.

When you return to the Switch Control screen, turn on Switch Control. Now your iPad is watching you; whenever you turn your head left or right, it activates the control you set up. Pretty wild.

The controls here let you specify how fast the sequential highlighting proceeds, whether or not it pauses on the screen’s first item, how many times the highlighting cycles through each screenful, and so on.

To turn off Switch Control, tap the on/off switch again. Or, if you’re using some other app, triple-press the Home button to open the Accessibility shortcut panel. If you had the foresight to add Switch Control to its options (Home-Click Speed), then one tap does the trick.

Switch Control is a broad (and specialized) feature. To read more about it, open the Accessibility chapter of Apple’s iPad User Guide:


If you can’t even hold the iPad, you might have trouble shaking it (a shortcut for “Undo”); if you can’t move your fingers, just adjusting the volume might be a challenge.

This feature is Apple’s accessibility team at its most creative. When you turn AssistiveTouch on, you get a new, glowing white circle near a corner of the screen.

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You can drag this magic white ball anywhere on the edges of the screen, though; it remains onscreen all the time.

When you tap it, the white ball expands into the special palette shown on the previous page. It’s offering six ways to trigger motions and gestures on the iPad screen without requiring hand or multiple-finger movement. All you have to be able to do is tap with a single finger—or even a stylus held in your teeth or foot:

§ Siri. Touch here when you want to speak to Siri. If you do, in fact, have trouble manipulating the iPad, Siri is probably your best friend already. This option, as well as the “Hey, Siri” voice command, mean that you don’t even have to hold down the Home button to start her up.

§ Notification Center, Control Center. As far as most people know, the only way to open the Notification Center is to swipe down the screen from the top; the only way to open the Control Center is to swipe up from the bottom. These buttons, however, give you another way—one that doesn’t require any hand movement. (Tap the same button again to close whichever center you opened.)

§ Home. You can tap here instead of pressing the physical Home button. (That’s handy when your Home button gets sticky, too.)

§ Device. Tap this button to open a palette of six functions that would otherwise require you to grasp the iPad or push its tiny physical buttons (previous page). There’s Rotate Screen (you can tap this instead of turning the iPad 90 degrees), Lock Screen (instead of pressing the Sleep switch), Volume Up and Volume Down (instead of pressing the volume keys), and Mute/Unmute (instead of flipping the small Mute switch on the side, on iPads that have one).

If you tap More, you get some bonus buttons. They include Shake (does the same as shaking the iPad to undo typing), Screenshot (as though you’d pressed the Sleep and Home buttons together), Multitasking (brings up the app switcher, as though you’d double-pressed the Home button), and Gestures.

That Gestures button opens up a peculiar palette that depicts a hand holding up two, three, four, or five fingers. When you tap, for example, the three-finger icon, you get three blue circles on the screen. They move together. Drag one of them (with a stylus, for example), and the iPad thinks you’re dragging three fingers on its surface. Using this technique, you can operate apps that require multiple fingers dragging on the screen.

§ Favorites. Impressively enough, you can actually define your own gestures. On the AssistiveTouch screen, tap Create New Gesture to draw your own gesture right on the screen, using one, two, three, four, or five fingers.

For example, suppose you’re frustrated in Maps because you can’t do the two-finger double-tap that means “zoom out.” On the Create New Gesture screen, get somebody to do the two-finger double-tap for you. Tap Save and give the gesture a name—say, “2 double tap.”

From now on, “2 double tap” shows up on the Favorites screen, ready to trigger with a single tap by a single finger or stylus.


Apple starts you off with one predefined gesture in Favorites: pinch. That’s the two-finger pinch or spread gesture you use to zoom in and out of photos, maps, Web pages, PDF documents, and so on. And now you can trigger it with only one finger; just drag either one of the two handles to stretch them apart. Drag the connecting line to move the point of stretchiness.

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Home-Click Speed

If you have motor-control problems of any kind (sleep deprivation and overdoing it at the bachelor party come to mind), you might welcome this enhancement. It’s an option to widen the time window for registering a double-press or triple-press of the Home button. If you choose Slow orSlowest, the iPad accepts double- and triple-presses spaced far and farther apart, rather than interpreting them as individual presses a few seconds apart.

Accessibility Shortcut

Burrowing all the way into the SettingsGeneralAccessibility screen is quite a slog when all you want to do is flip some feature on or off. Therefore, you get this handy shortcut: a fast triple-press of the Home button.

That action produces a little menu, in whatever app you’re using, with on/off switches for the iPad’s various accessibility features.

It’s up to you, however, to indicate which ones you want on that menu. That’s why you’re on this screen—to turn on the features you want to appear on the triple-press menu. Your options are VoiceOver, Invert Colors, Grayscale, Zoom, Switch Control, and AssistiveTouch.


If you choose only one item here, then triple-pressing the Home button won’t produce the menu of choices. It will just turn that one feature on or off.