Essential Keyboard Shortcuts - Mac Tips, Tricks & Shortcuts in easy steps (2015)

Mac Tips, Tricks & Shortcuts in easy steps (2015)

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Essential Keyboard Shortcuts

In the days before the mouse, computer users relied entirely on keyboard commands. Today we tend to control our Macs using the mouse but you can speed up your workflow hugely if you use keystrokes for common actions.

This chapter lists most of the keystrokes you are ever likely to need. Spend time and learn some basic ones and you will stop relying on the mouse for common tasks.

Finder and other Shortcuts

Everyone should know a few shortcuts, even if it’s just the basic cut-and-paste shortcuts. They can speed up your workflow considerably, so try to memorize and use these basic shortcuts before moving on to the more advanced ones.

If you’re coming from a Windows environment you may be used to Control + C, Control + V etc. For any Windows shortcut, simply substitute Control for Command () on the Mac and the chances are the shortcut will work!

The Basic Shortcuts

Copy (text, image, etc.)

+ C

Paste

+ V

Cut (delete)

+ X

Undo last action

+ Z

Print

+ P

Open doc, folder, etc.

+ O

Save

+ S

Save as

Option + + S

Repeat an action

+ Y

Select all

+ A

Finder Shortcuts

Accessibility Options

+ Option + F5

Add Selected Item to Sidebar

+ T

Close All Windows

+ Option + W

Close Window

+ W

Connect to server

+ K

Copy Item

+ C

Cut

+ X

Dashboard

F12 (fn + F12 on laptops)

Dictation

Tap Function key twice

Display the Restart/Sleep/Shut Down confirmation dialog box

Control + Eject

Duplicate

+ D

Eject selected volume

+ E

Empty Trash

+ Shift + Delete

Find

+ F

Force Empty Trash

+ Shift + Option + Delete

Force Quit

+ Option + escape

Get Info

+ I

Go Back

+ [

Go Forward

+ ]

Go to All My Files

+ Shift + F

Go to Applications Folder

+ Shift + A

Go to Computer Folder

+ Shift + C

Go to Desktop

+ Shift + D

Go to Enclosing Folder

+

Go to Folder

+ Shift + G

Go to Home Folder

+ Shift + H

Go to Network Folder

+ Shift + K

Go to Utilities Folder

+ Shift + U

Help

+ Shift + ?

Hide Current Application

+ H

Hide Finder

+ H

Hide Toolbar

+ Option + T

Log Out (with confirmation)

+ Shift + Q

Log Out (without confirmation)

+ Option + Shift + Q

Log Out Current User

+ Shift + Q

Mac Help

+ ?

Make Alias

+ L

Minimize All

+ Option + M

Minimize Window

+ M

Mission Control: All Windows

Control + (F3 on Apple keyboards)

Mission Control: Show Desktop

F11 (fn + F11 on laptops) ( + F3 on Apple keyboards)

Move to Trash

+ Delete

New Finder Window

+ N

New Folder

+ Shift + N

New Smart Folder

+ Option + N

Next Window

+ `

Open

+ O

Open Applications folder

+ Shift + A

Open Computer folder

+ Shift + C

Open enclosing folder

+

Open Inspector

+ Option + I

Paste

+ V

Power options dialog

Control + Eject

Preferences

+ ,

Quick Look

+ Y or spacebar or tap trackpad 3 times

Restart

+ Control + Eject

Restart (without confirmation, but you can save changes in open documents)

+ Control + Eject

Save As

Hold down Option in Find menu

Select All

+ A

Show Inspector

+ Option + I

Show Original (of selected alias)

+ R

Show View Options

+ J

Show/Hide Dock

+ Option + D

Show/Hide Sidebar

+ Option + S

Show/Hide Status Bar

+ /

Shut Down (without confirmation, but you can save changes in open documents)

+ Control + Option + Eject

Sleep

+ Option + Eject

Sleep (without confirmation)

+ Option + Eject

Sleep display

Shift + Control + Eject

Spotlight menu

+ spacebar

Spotlight window

+ Option + spacebar

Turn VoiceOver On/Off

+ F5 (fn + F5 on laptops)

Turn Zoom On/Off

+ Option + 8

Undo

+ Z

View Window as Columns

+ 3

View Window as Cover Flow

+ 4

View Window as Icons

+ 1

View Window as List

+ 2

Text Editing

Go to the start/end of the line

+ / +

Go to the start/end of the document

+ / ⌘↓

Go to the previous/next word

Option / Option

Go to the previous/next paragraph

Option / Option

With selection: web search/sticky note

+ Shift + L / + Shift + Y

Cut/Copy/Paste

+ X / + C / + V

Select All

+ A

Mission Control

View Mission Control

Control +

Show app’s windows

Control +

Show Desktop

F11

Show Dashboard

F12

Move between Desktops

Control + / Control +

Show windows for next app after Control

Tab

Enlarge window under cursor after Control

Spacebar

Switching apps and windows

Advance to next app

+ Tab

Next window in current app

+ `

Hide/Show Dock

+ Option + D

Accessibility Controls

Toggle zoom feature (turn on to use zoom)

+ Option + 8

Zoom in/out (also Control and mouse scroll)

Option + + =/Option + + -

Show Accessibility Controls

+ Option + F5

Application Commands

New window

+ N

App preferences

+ ,

Open file

+ O

Hide app

+ H

Close window

+ W

Hide others

+ Option + H

Save

+ S

Save As

+ Shift + S

Show fonts panel

+ T

Show colors panel

+ Shift + C

Print

+ P

Quit

+ Q

Full Screen Mode

+ Control + F

Help

+ Shift + /

Safari Shortcuts

Preferences

+ ,

Block Pop-Up Windows

+ Shift + K

Empty Cache

+ Option + E

New Window

+ N

New Tab

+ T

Open File

+ O

Open Location

+ L

Close Window

+ W

Close All Windows

+ Option + W

Save As

+ S

Mail Contents of This Page

+ I

Mail Link to This Page

+ Shift + I

AutoFill Form

+ Shift + A

Show/Hide Bookmarks Bar

+ Shift + B

Show/Hide Tab Bar

+ Shift + T

Show/Hide Status Bar

+ /

Show/Hide Reader

Shift + Option + R

Show/Hide Reading List

Shift + Option + L

Stop

+ .

Reload Page

+ R

Make Text Normal Size

+ 0

Make Text Bigger

+ +

Make Text Smaller

+ –

View Source

+ Option + U

Back

+ [

Forward

+ ]

Home

+ Shift + H

Search Results SnapBack

+ Option + S

Show All Bookmarks

+ Option + B

Add Bookmark

+ D

Add Bookmark Folder

+ Shift + N

Add to Reading List

+ Shift + D

Select Previous Item in Reading List

+ Option + Up arrow

Select Next Item in Reading List

+ Option + Down arrow

Select Previous Tab

+ Shift + Tab

Select Next Tab

+ Tab

Downloads

+ Option + L

Activity

+ Option + A

Safari Help

+ ?

Apple Mail Shortcuts

Attach File

+ Shift + A

New Message

+ N

New Note

+ Control + N

Open Message

+ O

New Viewer Window

+ Option + N

Save As

+ Shift + S

Save

+ S

Append Selected Messages

+ Option + I

Find

+ F

Find Next

+ G

Find Previous

+ Shift + G

Paste as Quotation

+ Shift + V

Paste and Match Style

+ Option + Shift + V

Show Spelling and Grammar

+ :

Check Spelling

+ ;

Jump to Selection

+ J

Use Selection for Find

+ E

Mailbox Search

+ Option + F

Reply/To Address Field

+ Option + R

Bcc Address Field

+ Option + B

Show/Hide Deleted Messages

+ L

Hide/Show Mailbox List

+ Shift + M

All Headers

+ Shift + H

Raw Source

+ Option + U

Plain Text Alternative

+ Option + P

Select All Messages in This Conversation

+ Shift + K

Erase Deleted Items

+ Shift + Delete

Erase Junk Mail

+ Option + J

Get All New Mail

+ Shift + N

Go to Inbox

+ 1

Go to Outbox

+ 2

Go to Drafts

+ 3

Flag (red)

+ Shift + L

Mark as Junk Mail

+ Shift + J

Mark as Unread/Mark as Read

+ Shift + U

Add Sender to Address Book

+ Shift + Y

Apply Rules

+ Option + L

Reply

+ R

Reply All

+ Shift + R

Forward

+ Shift + F

Redirect

+ Shift + E

Reply with iChat

+ Shift + I

Send Again

+ Shift + D

Bigger

+ +

Smaller

+ -

Copy Style

+ Option + C

Show Colors

+ Shift + C

Show Fonts

+ T

Increase Quote Level

+ ’

Decrease Quote Level

+ Option + ’

Make Rich/Plain Text

+ Shift + T

Address Panel

+ Option + A

Startup Keys

Choose boot volume

Option

Reset PRAM

+ Option + PR

Single user mode boot

+ S

Disk Utility and Internet recovery

+ R

Go into Target disk mode

T

Dock Shortcuts

Turn hiding off or on

+ Option + D

Move to the next open application

+ Tab

Move to the previous open application

+ Shift + Tab

Minimize a window

+ M

Highlight/unhighlight the Dock

Control + F3

Move among Dock items when it is highlighted

Left/right arrow keys

Screenshots

Take a screenshot of the screen, and save it as a file on the Desktop

+ Shift + 3

Take a screenshot of an area and save it as a file on the Desktop

+ Shift + 4, then select an area

Take a screenshot of a window and save it as a file on the Desktop

+ Shift + 4, then space, then click a window

Take a screenshot of the screen, and save it to the clipboard

+ Control + Shift + 3

Take a screenshot of an area and save it to the clipboard

+ Control + Shift + 4, then select an area

Take a screenshot of a window and save it to the clipboard

+ Control + Shift + 4, then space, then click a window

Startup Key Combinations

Start up from a bootable CD, DVD, or USB thumb drive (such as OS X install media)

Press C during startup

Start up in Apple Hardware Test

Press D during startup

Reset NVRAM

Press Option + + P + R until you hear startup sound a second time

Start up in Startup Manager, where you can select an OS X volume to start from. Note: Press N to make the first bootable Network volume appear as well

Press Option during startup

Ejects any removable media, such as an optical disc

Press Eject, F12, or hold the mouse or trackpad button

Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)

Press N during startup

Start up in Target Disk Mode

Press T during startup

Start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items

Press Shift during startup

Start up in Verbose mode

Press + V during startup

Start up in Single-User mode

Press + S during startup

Start from a NetBoot server using the default boot image

Press Option + N during startup

Start from Recovery partition

Press + R during startup