Microsoft Excel 2016 BIBLE (2016)
Getting Started with Excel
Essential Worksheet Operations
IN THIS CHAPTER
1. Understanding Excel worksheet essentials
2. Controlling your views
3. Manipulating the rows and columns
This chapter covers some basic information regarding workbooks, worksheets, and windows. You'll discover tips and techniques to help you take control of your worksheets and help you work more efficiently.
Learning the Fundamentals of Excel Worksheets
In Excel, each file is called a workbook, and each workbook can contain one or more worksheets. You may find it helpful to think of an Excel workbook as a notebook and worksheets as pages in the notebook. As with a notebook, you can view a particular sheet, add new sheets, remove sheets, rearrange sheets, and copy sheets.
The following sections describe the operations that you can perform with worksheets.
Working with Excel windows
Each Excel workbook file that you open is displayed in a window. A workbook can hold any number of sheets, and these sheets can be either worksheets (sheets consisting of rows and columns) or chart sheets (sheets that hold a single chart). A worksheet is what people usually think of when they think of a spreadsheet. You can open as many Excel workbooks as necessary at the same time.
In previous versions of Excel, you could open multiple workbooks and have them displayed in a single Excel window. Beginning with Excel 2013, you no longer have that option. Now, a window holds only one workbook. If you create or open a second workbook, it appears in a separate window.
Each Excel window has four buttons (which appear as icons) at the right side of its title bar. From left to right, they are Ribbon Display Options, Minimize, Maximize (or Restore Down), and Close.
An Excel window can be in one of the following states:
· Maximized: Fills the entire screen. To maximize a window, click its Maximize button.
· Minimized: Hidden but still open. To minimize a window, clicks its Minimize button.
· Restored: A nonmaximized size. To restore a maximized window, click its Restore Down button. To restore a minimized window, click its icon in the Windows taskbar. A window in this state can be resized and moved.
To increase the amount of information you can see, click the Ribbon Display Options button and choose Auto-Hide Ribbon. This maximizes the window and hides the Ribbon and status bar. In this mode, you can get temporary access to the Ribbon commands by clicking the title bar. To return to the default Ribbon view, click the Ribbon Display Options button and choose Show Tabs and Commands.
If you work with more than one workbook simultaneously (which is quite common), you need to know how to move, resize, and switch among the workbook windows.
Moving and resizing windows
To move or resize a window, make sure that it's not maximized. (Click the Restore Down button.) Then click and drag its title bar with your mouse.
To resize a window, click and drag any of its borders until it's the size that you want it to be. When you position the mouse pointer on a window's border, the mouse pointer changes to a double arrow, which lets you know that you can now click and drag to resize the window. To resize a window horizontally and vertically at the same time, click and drag any of its corners.
If you want all your workbook windows to be visible (that is, not obscured by another window), you can move and resize the windows manually, or you can let Excel do it for you. Choosing View Window Arrange All displays the Arrange Windows dialog box, shown in Figure 3.1. This dialog box has four window arrangement options. Just select the one that you want and click OK. Windows that are minimized aren't affected by this command.
Figure 3.1 Use the Arrange Windows dialog box to quickly arrange all open nonminimized workbook windows.
Switching among windows
At any given time, one (and only one) workbook window is the active window. The active window accepts your input and is the window on which your commands work. The active window appears at the top of the stack of windows. To work in a workbook in a different window, you need to make that window active. You can make a different window the active window in several ways:
· Click another window if it's visible. The window you click moves to the top and becomes the active window. This method isn't possible if the current window is maximized.
· Press Ctrl+F6 to cycle through all open windows until the window that you want to work with appears on top as the active window. Pressing Shift+Ctrl+F6 cycles through the windows in the opposite direction.
· Choose View Window Switch Windows and select the window that you want from the drop-down list (the active window has a check mark next to it). This menu can display as many as nine windows. If you have more than nine workbook windows open, choose More Windows (which appears below the nine window names).
· Click the corresponding Excel icon in the Windows taskbar.
You might be one of the many people who prefer to do most work with maximized workbook windows, which enables you to see more cells and eliminates the distraction of other workbook windows getting in the way. At times, however, viewing multiple windows is preferred. For example, displaying two windows is more efficient if you need to compare information in two workbooks or if you need to copy data from one workbook to another.
You also can display a single workbook in more than one window. For example, if you have a workbook with two worksheets, you may want to display each worksheet in a separate window to compare the two sheets. All the window manipulation procedures described previously still apply. See “Viewing a worksheet in multiple windows,” later in this chapter.
If you have multiple windows open, you may want to close those windows that you no longer need. Excel offers several ways to close the active window:
· Choose File Close.
· Click the Close button (the X icon) on the right side of the workbook window's title bar.
· Press Alt+F4.
· Press Ctrl+W.
When you close a workbook window, Excel checks whether you have made any changes since the last time you saved the file. If you have made changes, Excel prompts you to save the file before it closes the window. If you haven't, the window closes without a prompt from Excel. Oddly, Excel provides no way to tell you if a workbook has been changed since it was last saved.
Sometimes you will be prompted to save a workbook even if you've made no changes to it. This occurs if your workbook contains any “volatile” functions. For example, if a cell contains =NOW(), you will be prompted to save the workbook because the NOW function updated the cell with the current date and time.
Activating a worksheet
At any given time, one workbook is the active workbook, and one sheet is the active sheet in the active workbook. To activate a different sheet, just click its sheet tab, located at the bottom of the workbook window. You also can use the following shortcut keys to activate a different sheet:
· Ctrl+PgUp: Activates the previous sheet, if one exists
· Ctrl+PgDn: Activates the next sheet, if one exists
If your workbook has many sheets, all its tabs may not be visible. Use the tab scrolling controls (see Figure 3.2) to scroll the sheet tabs. The sheet tabs share space with the worksheet's horizontal scrollbar. You also can drag the tab split control (to the left of the horizontal scrollbar) to display more or fewer tabs. Dragging the tab split control simultaneously changes the number of tabs and the size of the horizontal scrollbar.
Figure 3.2 Use the tab scrolling controls to activate a different worksheet or to see additional worksheet tabs.
When you right-click any of the tab scrolling controls, Excel displays a list of all sheets in the workbook. You can quickly activate a sheet by selecting it from the list.
Adding a new worksheet to your workbook
Worksheets can be an excellent organizational tool. Instead of placing everything on a single worksheet, you can use additional worksheets in a workbook to separate various workbook elements logically. For example, if you have several products whose sales you track individually, you may want to assign each product to its own worksheet and then use another worksheet to consolidate your results.
Here are three ways to add a new worksheet to a workbook:
· Click the New Sheet control, which is the plus sign icon located to the right of the last visible sheet tab. A new sheet is added after the active sheet.
· Press Shift+F11. A new sheet is added before the active sheet.
· Right-click a sheet tab, choose Insert from the shortcut menu, and select the General tab of the Insert dialog box that appears. Then select the Worksheet icon and click OK. A new sheet is added before the active sheet.
Deleting a worksheet you no longer need
If you no longer need a worksheet or if you want to get rid of an empty worksheet in a workbook, you can delete it in either of two ways:
· Right-click its sheet tab and choose Delete from the shortcut menu.
· Activate the unwanted worksheet and choose Home Cells Delete Delete Sheet.
If the worksheet is not empty, Excel asks you to confirm that you want to delete the sheet (see Figure 3.3).
Figure 3.3 Excel's warning that you might be losing some data.
You can delete multiple sheets with a single command by selecting the sheets that you want to delete. To select multiple sheets, press Ctrl while you click the sheet tabs that you want to delete. To select a group of contiguous sheets, click the first sheet tab, press Shift, and then click the last sheet tab (Excel displays the selected sheet names bold and underlined). Then use either method to delete the selected sheets.
When you delete a worksheet, it's gone for good. Deleting a worksheet is one of the few operations in Excel that can't be undone.
Changing the name of a worksheet
The default names that Excel uses for worksheets — Sheet1, Sheet2, and so on — are generic and nondescriptive. To make it easier to locate data in a multisheet workbook, you'll want to make the sheet names more descriptive.
To change a sheet's name, double-click the sheet tab. Excel highlights the name on the sheet tab so that you can edit the name or replace it with a new name.
Sheet names can contain as many as 31 characters, and spaces are allowed. However, you can't use the following characters in sheet names:
Keep in mind that a longer worksheet name results in a wider tab, which takes up more space onscreen. Therefore, if you use lengthy sheet names, you won't be able to see as many sheet tabs without scrolling the tab list.
Changing a sheet tab color
Excel allows you to change the background color of your worksheet tabs. For example, you may prefer to color-code the sheet tabs to make identifying the worksheet's contents easier.
To change the color of a sheet tab, right-click the tab and choose Tab Color from the shortcut menu. Then select the color from the color selector box. You can't change the text color, but Excel will choose a contrasting color to make the text visible. For example, if you make a sheet tab black, Excel will display white text.
If you change a sheet tab's color, the color is visible only when the sheet is not the active sheet.
Rearranging your worksheets
You may want to rearrange the order of worksheets in a workbook. If you have a separate worksheet for each sales region, for example, arranging the worksheets in alphabetical order might be helpful. You can also move a worksheet from one workbook to another and create copies of worksheets, either in the same workbook or in a different workbook.
You can move or copy a worksheet in the following ways:
· Right-click the sheet tab and choose Move or Copy to display the Move or Copy dialog box (see Figure 3.4). Use this dialog box to specify the operation and the location for the sheet.
Figure 3.4 Use the Move or Copy dialog box to move or copy worksheets in the same or another workbook.
· To move a worksheet, click the worksheet tab and drag it to its desired location. When you drag, the mouse pointer changes to a small sheet, and a small arrow guides you. To move a worksheet to a different workbook, the second workbook must be open and not maximized.
· To copy a worksheet, click the worksheet tab, and press Ctrl while dragging the tab to its desired location. When you drag, the mouse pointer changes to a small sheet with a plus sign on it. To copy a worksheet to a different workbook, the second workbook must be open and not maximized.
You can move or copy multiple sheets simultaneously. First, select the sheets by clicking their sheet tabs while holding down the Ctrl key. Then, you can move or copy the set of sheets by using the preceding methods.
If you move or copy a worksheet to a workbook that already has a sheet with the same name, Excel changes the name to make it unique. For example, Sheet1 becomes Sheet1 (2). You probably want to rename the copied sheet to give it a more meaningful name. (See “Changing the name of a worksheet,” earlier in this chapter.)
When you move or copy a worksheet to a different workbook, any defined names and custom formats also are copied to the new workbook.
Hiding and unhiding a worksheet
In some situations, you may want to hide one or more worksheets. Hiding a sheet may be useful if you don't want others to see it or if you just want to get it out of the way. When a sheet is hidden, its sheet tab is also hidden. You can't hide all the sheets in a workbook; at least one sheet must remain visible.
To hide a worksheet, right-click its sheet tab and choose Hide Sheet. The active worksheet (or selected worksheets) will be hidden from view.
To unhide a hidden worksheet, right-click any sheet tab and choose Unhide Sheet. Excel opens the Unhide dialog box, which lists all hidden sheets. Choose the sheet that you want to redisplay, and click OK. For reasons known only to a Microsoft programmer who is probably retired by now, you can't select multiple sheets from this dialog box, so you need to repeat the command for each sheet that you want to unhide. When you unhide a sheet, it appears in its previous position among the sheet tabs.
Preventing Sheet Actions
To prevent others from unhiding hidden sheets, inserting new sheets, renaming sheets, copying sheets, or deleting sheets, protect the workbook's structure:
1. Choose Review Changes Protect Workbook.
2. In the Protect Workbook dialog box, select the Structure option.
3. Provide a password (optional).
After performing these steps, several commands will no longer be available when you right-click a sheet tab: Insert, Delete Sheet, Rename Sheet, Move or Copy Sheet, Tab Color, Hide Sheet, and Unhide Sheet. Be aware, however, that this is a weak security measure. Cracking this particular protection feature is relatively easy.
Controlling the Worksheet View
As you add more information to a worksheet, you may find that navigating and locating what you want gets more difficult. Excel includes a few options that enable you to view your sheet, and sometimes multiple sheets, more efficiently. This section discusses a few additional worksheet options at your disposal.
Zooming in or out for a better view
Normally, everything you see onscreen is displayed at 100%. You can change the zoom percentage from 10% (very tiny) to 400% (huge). Using a small zoom percentage can help you get a bird's-eye view of your worksheet to see how it's laid out. Zooming in is useful if you have trouble deciphering tiny type. Zooming doesn't change the font size specified for the cells, so it has no effect on printed output.
Excel contains separate options for changing the size of your printed output. (Use the controls in the Page Layout Scale to Fit group in the Ribbon.) See Chapter 9, “Printing Your Work,” for details.
You can change the zoom factor of the active worksheet window by using any of three methods:
· Use the Zoom slider located on the right side of the status bar. Click and drag the slider, and your screen transforms instantly.
· Press Ctrl and use the wheel button on your mouse to zoom in or out.
· Choose View Zoom Zoom, which displays a dialog box with some zoom options.
· Select a range of cells, and choose View Zoom Zoom to Selection. The selected range will be enlarged as much as possible, but it still fits entirely in the window.
Zooming affects only the active worksheet window, so you can use different zoom factors for different worksheets. Also, if you have a worksheet displayed in two different windows, you can set a different zoom factor for each of the windows.
If your worksheet uses named ranges (see Chapter 4, “Working with Cells and Ranges”), zooming your worksheet to 39% or less displays the name of the range overlaid on the cells. Viewing named ranges in this manner is useful for getting an overview of how a worksheet is laid out.
Viewing a worksheet in multiple windows
Sometimes, you may want to view two different parts of a worksheet simultaneously — perhaps to make referencing a distant cell in a formula easier. Or you may want to examine more than one sheet in the same workbook simultaneously. You can accomplish either of these actions by opening a new view to the workbook, using one or more additional windows.
To create and display a new view of the active workbook, choose View Window New Window.
Excel displays a new window for the active workbook, similar to the one shown in Figure 3.5. In this case, each window shows a different worksheet in the workbook. Notice the text in the windows' title bars: climate data.xlsx:1 and climate data.xlsx:2. To help you keep track of the windows, Excel appends a colon and a number to each window.
Figure 3.5 Use multiple windows to view different sections of a workbook at the same time.
If the workbook is maximized when you create a new window, you may not even notice that Excel created the new window. If you look at the Excel title bar, though, you'll see that the workbook title now has :2 appended to the name. Choose View Window Arrange All, and then choose one of the Arrange options in the Arrange Windows dialog box to display the open windows. If you select the Windows of Active Workbook check box, only the windows of the active workbook are arranged.
A single workbook can have as many views (that is, separate windows) as you want. Each window is independent. In other words, scrolling to a new location in one window doesn't cause scrolling in the other window(s). However, if you make changes to the worksheet shown in a particular window, those changes are also made in all views of that worksheet.
You can close these additional windows when you no longer need them. For example, clicking the Close button on the active window's title bar closes the active window but doesn't close the other windows for the workbook.
Multiple windows make copying or moving information from one worksheet to another easier. You can use Excel's drag-and-drop procedures to copy or move ranges.
Comparing sheets side by side
In some situations, you may want to compare two worksheets that are in different windows. The View Side by Side feature makes this task a bit easier.
First, make sure that the two sheets are displayed in separate windows. (The sheets can be in the same workbook or in different workbooks.) If you want to compare two sheets in the same workbook, choose View Window New Window to create a new window for the active workbook. Activate the first window; then choose View Window View Side by Side. If more than two windows are open, you see a dialog box that lets you select the window for the comparison. The two windows are tiled to fill the entire screen.
When using the Compare Side by Side feature, scrolling in one of the windows also scrolls the other window. If you don't want this simultaneous scrolling, choose View Window Synchronous Scrolling (which is a toggle). If you have rearranged or moved the windows, choose View Window Reset Window Position to restore the windows to the initial side-by-side arrangement. To turn off the side-by-side viewing, choose View Window View Side by Side again.
Keep in mind that this feature is for manual comparison only. Unfortunately, Excel doesn't provide a way to automatically identify the differences between two sheets.
Splitting the worksheet window into panes
If you prefer not to clutter your screen with additional windows, Excel provides another option for viewing multiple parts of the same worksheet. Choosing View Window Split splits the active worksheet into two or four separate panes. The split occurs at the location of the cell pointer. If the cell pointer is in row 1 or column A, this command results in a two-pane split; otherwise, it gives you four panes. You can use the mouse to drag the individual panes to resize them.
Figure 3.6 shows a worksheet split into two panes. Notice that row numbers aren't continuous. The top pane shows rows 13 through 23, and the bottom pane shows rows 247 through 256. In other words, splitting panes enables you to display in a single window widely separated areas of a worksheet. To remove the split panes, choose View Window Split again.
Figure 3.6 You can split the worksheet window into two or four panes to view different areas of the worksheet at the same time.
Keeping the titles in view by freezing panes
If you set up a worksheet with column headings or descriptive text in the first column, this identifying information won't be visible when you scroll down or to the right. Excel provides a handy solution to this problem: freezing panes. Freezing panes keeps the column or row headings visible while you're scrolling through the worksheet.
To freeze panes, start by moving the cell pointer to the cell below the row that you want to remain visible while you scroll vertically and to the right of the column that you want to remain visible while you scroll horizontally. Then choose View Window Freeze Panes and select the Freeze Panes option from the drop-down list. Excel inserts dark lines to indicate the frozen rows and columns. The frozen row and column remain visible while you scroll throughout the worksheet. To remove the frozen panes, choose View Window Freeze Panes, and select the Unfreeze Panes option from the drop-down list.
Figure 3.7 shows a worksheet with frozen panes. In this case, rows 1:4 and column A are frozen in place. (Cell B5 was the active cell when I used the View Window Freeze Panes command.) This technique allows you to scroll down and to the right to locate some information while keeping the column titles and the column A entries visible.
Figure 3.7 Freeze certain columns and rows to make them remain visible while you scroll the worksheet.
Most of the time, you'll want to freeze either the first row or the first column. The View Window Freeze Panes drop-down list has two additional options: Freeze Top Row and Freeze First Column. Using these commands eliminates the need to position the cell pointer before freezing panes.
If you designated a range to be a table (by choosing Insert Tables Table), you may not even need to freeze panes. When you scroll down, Excel displays the table column headings in place of the column letters. Figure 3.8 shows an example. The table headings replace the column letters only when a cell within the table is selected.
Figure 3.8 When using a table, scrolling down displays the table headings where the column letters normally appear.
Monitoring cells with a Watch Window
In some situations, you may want to monitor the value in a particular cell as you work. As you scroll throughout the worksheet, that cell may disappear from view. A feature known as Watch Window can help. A Watch Window displays the value of any number of cells in a handy window that's always visible.
To display the Watch Window, choose Formulas Formula Auditing Watch Window. The Watch Window is actually a task pane, and you can dock it to the side of the window or drag it and make it float over the worksheet.
To add a cell to watch, click Add Watch and specify the cell that you want to watch. The Watch Window displays the value in that cell. You can add any number of cells to the Watch Window. Figure 3.9 shows the Watch Window monitoring four cells in different worksheets.
Figure 3.9 Use the Watch Window to monitor the value in one or more cells.
Double-click a cell in the Watch Window to immediately select that cell. This works only if the watched cell is in the active workbook.
Working with Rows and Columns
This section discusses worksheet operations that involve complete rows and columns (rather than individual cells). Every worksheet has exactly 1,048,576 rows and 16,384 columns, and these values can't be changed.
If you open a workbook that was created in a version of Excel prior to Excel 2007, the workbook is opened in Compatibility Mode. These workbooks have 65,536 rows and 256 columns. If you would like to increase the number of rows and columns, save the workbook as an Excel .xlsx or .xlsm file and then reopen it.
Inserting rows and columns
Although the number of rows and columns in a worksheet is fixed, you can still insert and delete rows and columns if you need to make room for additional information. These operations don't change the number of rows or columns. Instead, inserting a new row moves down the other rows to accommodate the new row. The last row is simply removed from the worksheet if it's empty. Inserting a new column shifts the columns to the right, and the last column is removed if it's empty.
If the last row isn't empty, you can't insert a new row. Similarly, if the last column contains information, Excel doesn't let you insert a new column. In either case, attempting to add a row or column displays the dialog box shown in Figure 3.10.
Figure 3.10 You can't add a new row or column if it causes nonblank cells to move off the worksheet.
To insert a new row or rows, use either of these methods:
· Select an entire row or multiple rows by clicking the row numbers in the worksheet border. Right-click and choose Insert from the shortcut menu.
· Move the cell pointer to the row that you want to insert, and then choose Home Cells Insert Insert Sheet Rows. If you select multiple cells in the column, Excel inserts additional rows that correspond to the number of cells selected in the column and moves the rows below the insertion down.
To insert a new column or columns, use either of these methods:
· Select an entire column or columns by clicking the column letters in the worksheet border. Right-click and choose Insert from the shortcut menu.
· Move the cell pointer to the column that you want to insert, and then choose Home Cells Insert Insert Sheet Columns. If you select multiple cells in the row, Excel inserts additional columns that correspond to the number of cells selected in the row.
You can also insert cells rather than just rows or columns. Select the range into which you want to add new cells and then choose Home Cells Insert Insert Cells (or right-click the selection and choose Insert). To insert cells, you must shift the existing cells to the right or down. Therefore, Excel displays the Insert dialog box shown in Figure 3.11 so that you can specify the direction in which you want to shift the cells. Notice that this dialog box also enables you to insert entire rows or columns.
Figure 3.11 You can insert partial rows or columns by using the Insert dialog box.
Deleting rows and columns
You may also want to delete rows or columns in a worksheet. For example, your sheet may contain old data that is no longer needed, or you may want to remove empty rows or columns.
To delete a row or rows, use either of these methods:
· Select an entire row or multiple rows by clicking the row numbers in the worksheet border. Right-click and choose Delete from the shortcut menu.
· Move the cell pointer to the row that you want to delete, and then choose Home Cells Delete Sheet Rows. If you select multiple cells in the column, Excel deletes all rows in the selection.
Deleting columns works in a similar way.
If you discover that you accidentally deleted a row or column, select Undo from the Quick Access toolbar (or press Ctrl+Z) to undo the action.
Changing column widths and row heights
Often, you'll want to change the width of a column or the height of a row. For example, you can make columns narrower to show more information on a printed page. Or you may want to increase row height to create a “double-spaced” effect.
Excel provides several ways to change the widths of columns and the height of rows.
Changing column widths
Column width is measured in terms of the number of characters of a monospaced font that will fit into the cell's width. By default, each column's width is 8.43 units, which equates to 64 pixels (px).
If hash symbols (#) fill a cell that contains a numerical value, the column isn't wide enough to accommodate the information in the cell. Widen the column to solve the problem.
Before you change the column width, you can select multiple columns so that the width will be the same for all selected columns. To select multiple columns, either click and drag in the column border or press Ctrl while you select individual columns. To select all columns, click the button where the row and column headers intersect. You can change columns widths by using any of the following techniques:
· Drag the right-column border with the mouse until the column is the desired width.
· Choose Home Cells Format Column Width and enter a value in the Column Width dialog box.
· Choose Home Cells Format AutoFit Column Width to adjust the width of the selected column so that the widest entry in the column fits. Instead of selecting an entire column, you can just select cells in the column, and the column is adjusted based on the widest entry in your selection.
· Double-click the right border of a column header to set the column width automatically to the widest entry in the column.
To change the default width of all columns, choose Home Cells Format Default Width. This command displays a dialog box into which you enter the new default column width. All columns that haven't been previously adjusted take on the new column width.
After you manually adjust a column's width, Excel will no longer automatically adjust the column to accommodate longer numerical entries. If you enter a long number that displays as hash symbols (#), you need to change the column width manually.
Changing row heights
Row height is measured in points (a standard unit of measurement in the printing trade — 72 pt is equal to 1 inch). The default row height using the default font is 15 pt, or 20 px.
The default row height can vary, depending on the font defined in the Normal style. In addition, Excel automatically adjusts row heights to accommodate the tallest font in the row. So, if you change the font size of a cell to 20 pt, for example, Excel makes the row taller so that the entire text is visible.
You can set the row height manually, however, by using any of the following techniques. As with columns, you can select multiple rows:
· Drag the lower row border with the mouse until the row is the desired height.
· Choose Home Cells Format Row Height and enter a value (in points) in the Row Height dialog box.
· Double-click the bottom border of a row to set the row height automatically to the tallest entry in the row. You can also choose Home Cells Format Autofit Row Height for this task.
Changing the row height is useful for spacing out rows and is almost always preferable to inserting empty rows between lines of data.
Hiding rows and columns
In some cases, you may want to hide particular rows or columns. Hiding rows and columns may be useful if you don't want users to see particular information or if you need to print a report that summarizes the information in the worksheet without showing all the details.
Chapter 27, “Creating and Using Worksheet Outlines,” discusses another way to summarize worksheet data without showing all the details — worksheet outlining.
To hide rows in your worksheet, select the row or rows that you want to hide by clicking in the row header on the left. Then right-click and choose Hide from the shortcut menu. Or you can use the commands on the Home Cells Format Hide & Unhide drop-down list.
To hide columns, use the same technique, but start by selecting columns rather than rows.
You can also drag the row or column's border to hide the row or column. You must drag the border in the row or column heading. Drag the bottom border of a row upward or the right border of a column to the left.
A hidden row is actually a row with its height set to zero. Similarly, a hidden column has a column width of zero. When you use the navigation keys to move the cell pointer, cells in hidden rows or columns are skipped. In other words, you can't use the navigation keys to move to a cell in a hidden row or column.
Notice, however, that Excel displays a narrow column heading for hidden columns and a narrow row heading for hidden rows. You can click and drag the column heading to make the column wider — and make it visible again. For a hidden row, click and drag the small row heading to make the column visible.
Another way to unhide a row or column is to choose Home Find & Select Go To (or its F5 equivalent) to select a cell in a hidden row or column. For example, if column A is hidden, you can press F5 and specify cell A1 (or any other cell in column A) to move the cell pointer to the hidden column. Then you can choose Home Cells Format Hide & Unhide Unhide Columns.