Learn about JMP - Using JMP 12 (2015)

Using JMP 12 (2015)

Chapter 1. Learn about JMP

Documentation and Additional Resources

This chapter includes the following information:

•book conventions

•JMP documentation

•JMP Help

•additional resources, such as the following:

‒other JMP documentation



‒Web resources

Figure 1.1 The JMP Help Home Window on Windows

The JMP Help Home Window on Windows


Formatting Conventions

JMP Documentation

JMP Documentation Library

JMP Help

Additional Resources for Learning JMP


Sample Data Tables

Learn about Statistical and JSL Terms

Learn JMP Tips and Tricks


JMP User Community

JMPer Cable

JMP Books by Users

The JMP Starter Window

Formatting Conventions

The following conventions help you relate written material to information that you see on your screen.

•Sample data table names, column names, pathnames, filenames, file extensions, and folders appear in Helvetica font.

•Code appears in Lucida Sans Typewriter font.

•Code output appears in Lucida Sans Typewriter italic font and is indented farther than the preceding code.

Helvetica bold formatting indicates items that you select to complete a task:


‒check boxes


‒list names that are selectable



‒tab names

‒text boxes

•The following items appear in italics:

‒words or phrases that are important or have definitions specific to JMP

‒book titles


‒script output

Image shown here

•Features that are for JMP Pro only are noted with the JMP Pro icon. For an overview of JMP Pro features, visit http://www.jmp.com/software/pro/.

Note: Special information and limitations appear within a Note.

Tip: Helpful information appears within a Tip.

JMP Documentation

JMP offers documentation in various formats, from print books and Portable Document Format (PDF) to electronic books (e-books).

•Open the PDF versions from the Help > Books menu or from the JMP online Help footers.

•All books are also combined into one PDF file, called JMP Documentation Library, for convenient searching. Open the JMP Documentation Library PDF file from the Help > Books menu.

•e-books are available at online retailers. Visit http://www.jmp.com/support/downloads/documentation.shtml for details.

•You can also purchase printed documentation on the SAS website:


JMP Documentation Library

The following table describes the purpose and content of each book in the JMP library.

Discovering JMP

If you are not familiar with JMP, start here.

Introduces you to JMP and gets you started creating and analyzing data.

Using JMP

Learn about JMP data tables and how to perform basic operations.

Covers general JMP concepts and features that span across all of JMP, including importing data, modifying columns properties, sorting data, and connecting to SAS.

Basic Analysis

Perform basic analysis using this document.

Describes these Analyze menu platforms:


•Fit Y by X

•Matched Pairs


How to approximate sampling distributions using bootstrapping and modeling utilities are also included.

Essential Graphing

Find the ideal graph for your data.

Describes these Graph menu platforms:

•Graph Builder

•Overlay Plot

•Scatterplot 3D

•Contour Plot

•Bubble Plot

•Parallel Plot

•Cell Plot


•Scatterplot Matrix

•Ternary Plot


The book also covers how to create background and custom maps.


Learn how to use interactive profiling tools, which enable you to view cross-sections of any response surface.

Covers all profilers listed in the Graph menu. Analyzing noise factors is included along with running simulations using random inputs.

Design of Experiments Guide

Learn how to design experiments and determine appropriate sample sizes.

Covers all topics in the DOE menu and the Screening menu item in the Analyze > Modeling menu.

Fitting Linear Models

Learn about Fit Model platform and many of its personalities.

Describes these personalities, all available within the Analyze menu Fit Model platform:

•Standard Least Squares


•Generalized Regression

•Mixed Model


•Loglinear Variance

•Nominal Logistic

•Ordinal Logistic

•Generalized Linear Model

Specialized Models

Learn about additional modeling techniques.

Describes these Analyze > Modeling menu platforms:



•Model Comparison


•Gaussian Process

•Time Series

•Response Screening

The Screening platform in the Analyze > Modeling menu is described in Design of Experiments Guide.

Multivariate Methods

Read about techniques for analyzing several variables simultaneously.

Describes these Analyze > Multivariate Methods menu platforms:



•Principal Components


•Partial Least Squares

Quality and Process Methods

Read about tools for evaluating and improving processes.

Describes these Analyze > Quality and Process menu platforms:

•Control Chart Builder and individual control charts

•Measurement Systems Analysis

•Variability / Attribute Gauge Charts

•Process Capability

•Pareto Plot


Reliability and Survival Methods

Learn to evaluate and improve reliability in a product or system and analyze survival data for people and products.

Describes these Analyze > Reliability and Survival menu platforms:

•Life Distribution

•Fit Life by X

•Recurrence Analysis

•Degradation and Destructive Degradation

•Reliability Forecast

•Reliability Growth

•Reliability Block Diagram


•Fit Parametric Survival

•Fit Proportional Hazards

Consumer Research

Learn about methods for studying consumer preferences and using that insight to create better products and services.

Describes these Analyze > Consumer Research menu platforms:


•Multiple Correspondence Analysis

•Factor Analysis



•Item Analysis

Scripting Guide

Learn about taking advantage of the powerful JMP Scripting Language (JSL).

Covers a variety of topics, such as writing and debugging scripts, manipulating data tables, constructing display boxes, and creating JMP applications.

JSL Syntax Reference

Read about many JSL functions on functions and their arguments, and messages that you send to objects and display boxes.

Includes syntax, examples, and notes for JSL commands.

Note: The Books menu also contains two reference cards that can be printed: The Menu Card describes JMP menus, and the Quick Reference describes JMP keyboard shortcuts.

JMP Help

JMP Help is an abbreviated version of the documentation library that provides targeted information. You can open JMP Help in several ways:

•On Windows, press the F1 key to open the Help system window.

Image shown here Get help on a specific part of a data table or report window. Select the Help tool from the Tools menu and then click anywhere in a data table or report window to see the Help for that area.

•Within a JMP window, click the Help button.

•Search and view JMP Help on Windows using the Help > Help Contents, Search Help, and Help Index options. On Mac, select Help > JMP Help.

•Search the Help at http://jmp.com/support/help/ (English only).

Additional Resources for Learning JMP

In addition to JMP documentation and JMP Help, you can also learn about JMP using the following resources:

•Tutorials (see “Tutorials”)

•Sample data (see “Sample Data Tables”)

•Indexes (see “Learn about Statistical and JSL Terms”)

•Tip of the Day (see “Learn JMP Tips and Tricks”)

•Web resources (see “JMP User Community”)

•JMPer Cable technical publication (see “JMPer Cable”)

•Books about JMP (see “JMP Books by Users”)

•JMP Starter (see “The JMP Starter Window”)


You can access JMP tutorials by selecting Help > Tutorials. The first item on the Tutorials menu is Tutorials Directory. This opens a new window with all the tutorials grouped by category.

If you are not familiar with JMP, then start with the Beginners Tutorial. It steps you through the JMP interface and explains the basics of using JMP.

The rest of the tutorials help you with specific aspects of JMP, such as creating a pie chart, using Graph Builder, and so on.

Sample Data Tables

All of the examples in the JMP documentation suite use sample data. Select Help > Sample Data Library to do the following actions to open the sample data directory.

To view an alphabetized list of sample data tables or view sample data within categories, select Help > Sample Data.

Sample data tables are installed in the following directory:

On Windows: C:\Program Files\SAS\JMP\<version_number>\Samples\Data

On Macintosh: \Library\Application Support\JMP\<version_number>\Samples\Data

In JMP Pro, sample data is installed in the JMPPRO (rather than JMP) directory. In JMP Shrinkwrap, sample data is installed in the JMPSW directory.

Learn about Statistical and JSL Terms

The Help menu contains the following indexes:

Statistics Index

Provides definitions of statistical terms.

Scripting Index

Lets you search for information about JSL functions, objects, and display boxes. You can also edit and run sample scripts from the Scripting Index.

Learn JMP Tips and Tricks

When you first start JMP, you see the Tip of the Day window. This window provides tips for using JMP.

To turn off the Tip of the Day, clear the Show tips at startup check box. To view it again, select Help > Tip of the Day. Or, you can turn it off using the Preferences window. See the Using JMP book for details.


JMP provides descriptive tooltips when you place your cursor over items, such as the following:

•Menu or toolbar options

•Labels in graphs

•Text results in the report window (move your cursor in a circle to reveal)

•Files or windows in the Home Window

•Code in the Script Editor

Tip: You can hide tooltips in the JMP Preferences. Select File > Preferences > General (or JMP > Preferences > General on Macintosh) and then deselect Show menu tips.

JMP User Community

The JMP User Community provides a range of options to help you learn more about JMP and connect with other JMP users. The learning library of one-page guides, tutorials, and demos is a good place to start. And you can continue your education by registering for a variety of JMP training courses.

Other resources include a discussion forum, sample data and script file exchange, webcasts, and social networking groups.

To access JMP resources on the website, select Help > JMP User Community.

JMPer Cable

The JMPer Cable is a yearly technical publication targeted to users of JMP. The JMPer Cable is available on the JMP website:


JMP Books by Users

Additional books about using JMP that are written by JMP users are available on the JMP website:


The JMP Starter Window

The JMP Starter window is a good place to begin if you are not familiar with JMP or data analysis. Options are categorized and described, and you launch them by clicking a button. The JMP Starter window covers many of the options found in the Analyze, Graph, Tables, and Filemenus.

•To open the JMP Starter window, select View (Window on the Macintosh) > JMP Starter.

•To display the JMP Starter automatically when you open JMP on Windows, select File > Preferences > General, and then select JMP Starter from the Initial JMP Window list. On Macintosh, select JMP > Preferences > Initial JMP Starter Window.