﻿ ﻿Algorithms: The Essentials - Java: Artificial Intelligence; Made Easy, w/ Java Programming; Learn to Create your * Problem Solving * Algorithms! TODAY! w/ Machine Learning & Data Structures, 1st Edition (2015)

# Java: Artificial Intelligence; Made Easy, w/ Java Programming; Learn to Create your * Problem Solving * Algorithms! TODAY! w/ Machine Learning & Data Structures, 1st Edition (2015)

### Chapter 1. Algorithms: The Essentials

==== ==== ==== ==== ====

In essence, how an AI agent will contemplate, process, rationalize, apply logic, & ultimately generate solutions will mainly be through the use of algorithms.

If you’re new to programming, don’t be intimidated. An algorithm is essentially a procedure to handle data. As long as you understand how a certain algorithm processes its data, you’ll be fine.

Algorithm Traits

First, you’ll want your algorithms to satisfy four key factors:

- Completeness

- Optimization

- Time Complexity

- Space Complexity

Now we’ll go through each of these and explain them all. Afterwards, you’ll explore some algorithm ideas and determine how they fit in to each of these factors.

Completeness

If an algorithm is guaranteed to find at least one existing solution or conclusion within a certain time frame, we can say that an algorithm is complete.

Optimization

If an algorithm finds a solution and guarantees that it is the optimal one, then that algorithm is considered optimal.

Time Complexity

For an algorithm, this is an expression for the longest possible time it will take to complete. In other words, the worst-case scenario when it runs and finds a suitable solution.

Space Complexity

This expression is similar to Time Complexity, but instead it represents the maximum amount of memory the algorithm may use in order to find a solution. This is also considered the worst-case scenario.